of year to install
recommended for winter or summer; possible in spring; best in fall for
installation, even on frozen ground if sod is available
for all types of lawn installation: Deeply till soil, add necessary
amendments and fertilizers, grad and level for smooth surface, remove all
debris, lightly pack and moisten.
water needs - bare soil will dry quickly.
to high water needs. Mulch will preserve some moisture.
water needs - water at installation to a depth of 6-inches, then light
waterings for next 2-3 weeks. Grass will shade soil and prevent
lightly for 3 to 4 weeks, keeping surface moist, begin to apply 1-inch of
water per week after first mowing.
variable because of germination rates, weed and foreign matter content;
unknown or unspecified varieties. Generally lower quality seed than
used in cultivated sod production.
highest available sod quality, certified, elite seed. May be
certified to prove specific variety. Mixture and blends used to suit
applications of chemicals usually required to combat competitive weed
invasions until turf is well established.
if any chemical control required.
varieties, rates, germination times, wash-outs (erosion), traffic, feeding
birds and rodents can create spottiness.
to 100% uniformity with use of mature turfgrass sod.
layer may reduce some problems.
rains or sloping areas will cause seed, chemicals and silt to wash onto
sidewalks and into sewer systems.
of accepting heavy rains without erosion or damage.
if any protection for several months
should reduce erosion/runoff.
texture and open soil
mulches act to camouflage soil appearances.
beauty of a "complete'' and mature landscape.
traffic use 2 to 4 months after seeding with faster germinating
seed. Normal to high use only after first year.
traffic immediately. Normal, high traffic levels within 2 to 3
to mid-level cost.
management and maintenance costs, compounded by increased water and
chemical applications, as well as delay of use, poor uniformity and
visually unappealing are trade-offs for lower installation cost.
costs offset by added values of timing, useability uniformity and visual
appeal. Reduced maintenance, chemical and water costs.